Behind the Shiny Surfaces of the Smartphone Industry

For his research, PhD candidate Gabriel Kamundala (University of Zurich) documented the complex work processes of artisanal mining in the Kamituga region (Democratic Republic of Congo). He provided revealing insights into small-scale mining as well as fascinating portraits of the workers.

Portraits in motion

Mining sites in Kamituga


Processing raw material

Trading gold in the local store

Live photos and video by Gabriel Kamundala, © ZHdK 2021